EBITDA Calculator

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To calculate EBITDA Margin, we need Sales/Revenue

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[NI + I + T ]


[EBITDA] / Sales


[EBITDA] / Sales

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Table of contents

    EBITDA Calculator 

    Understanding your business’s profitability is crucial for success and growth. With Razorpay’s free EBITDA calculator, measuring profitability has never been easier. The EBITDA calculator allows you to assess your financial health, make informed decisions, and identify areas for improvement — in just 3 minutes! Use the EBITDA calculator now and gain valuable insights to help you drive growth.

    How to use the EBITDA calculator?

    Using an EBITDA calculator may seem daunting at first, but rest assured that it’s a simple and effective tool for evaluating the financial performance of a business. Let’s walk through the steps together with a live example to make things even clearer.

    First, gather all the necessary information such as Net Revenue (If you are wondering where to get these numbers from, check out the below subsections for each input element), interest expenses, tax amounts, depreciation costs, and amortization expenses. This data will be essential in accurately calculating your EBITDA.

    Next, input these values into the designated fields of your EBITDA calculator. 

    Once you’ve entered all the relevant data points, in the 1st 3 sections [ Net Income, Interests, and Taxes], your EBIT gets calculated. To arrive at your EBITDA, add the Amortisation and Depreciation numbers. The EBITDA calculator will crunch the numbers for you and provide you with your company’s EBITDA figure.

    Now that you have your EBITDA value in hand (or on-screen), take a moment to analyze its implications. Is it positive or negative? A positive value indicates profitability before certain financial factors are taken into account – which is generally seen as favorable.

    Remember that using an EBITDA calculator is not just about obtaining a number; it’s about gaining insights into your company’s financial health. By regularly plugging in updated figures and comparing results over time, you can track trends and make informed decisions for future growth strategies.

    In our live example scenario: let’s say Company XYZ reported ₹1 million Net Income last year with a ₹100k in interest expense,₹50k in taxes, ₹80k in depreciation, and ₹40k in amortization.

    Plugging these values into an EBITDA calculator would give us:

    Net Income = ₹1 million
    Interest Expense = ₹100 k
    Taxes = 50K
     Depreciation = ₹80K
    Amortization = ₹40K

    EBIT = Net income + interest expenses + taxes

    = 1,000,000 + 100,000 + 50,000
    = 1,150,000

    EBITDA =[ EBIT] + Depreciation + Amortization

    = 1,150,000 + 80,000 + 40,000
    = 1,270,000


    What is EBITDA?

    EBITDA stands for Earnings(E) Before(B) Interest(I), Taxes(T), Depreciation(D) and Amortization(A). But what does that mean? It is basically a measure of a company’s profitability that takes into account the effects of all four elements mentioned in its name. By stripping out these expenses, it offers an accurate picture of how much money a business is making by purely doing what it does best: selling products or services and managing operations well. 

    It can be used to compare the performance between different companies or industries as they are not affected by financing and accounting decisions taken by those involved in their preparation. Net income + Interest expense + Taxes + Depreciation & Amortization = EBITDA

    EBITDA = Net income + Interest expense + Taxes + Depreciation & Amortization

    Formula to calculate EBITDA?

    There are 2 ways to calculate EBITDA:

    Approach 1 – 

    EBITDA = EBIT + Depreciation + Amortization

    Here, EBIT = Net income + Interest Expense + Tax 
    We have used this approach in the calculator above. But, if you have the Operating income handy, you can use the 2nd approach below:

    Approach 2 – 

    EBITDA = Operating Income + Depreciation & Amortization

    What is Net Income in EBITDA Calculator?

    Net income, also known as profit after tax (PAT) in EBITDA Calculator, is the final amount left after all expenses have been deducted from total revenues. Now, how do you find out what the Net income of a company is? 

    Approach 1 –

    Net income is usually found at the bottom line on a company’s balance sheet, income statement, or statement of financial performance. This figure represents total revenue minus all expenses (both operational and non-operational).

    Approach 2 –

    To calculate net income, you start with the company’s gross revenue and subtract various expenses such as operating costs, salaries, rent, utilities, marketing expenses, and taxes. The resulting figure reflects the profitability of the business. 

    Net income serves as an indication for investors on whether they should invest more in the business or not. This net income is also necessary for tax purposes since taxes are calculated based on total profits made during the year

    In the context of an EBITDA calculator, net income serves as one of the major inputs. By adding back depreciation and amortization to net income along with other adjustments like interest expense and tax provision or benefit, you can arrive at EBITDA.

    What is Interest Expense in EBITDA?

    Interest expense is a metric used to measure the cost of borrowing money for business activities. Companies must fund their operations through various sources, such as loans and investments. This includes both short-term and long-term debt as well as any other interest payments related to capital structure, such as preferred stock dividends. All in all, this is the cost of borrowing funds for business purposes, and it can vary significantly depending on a company’s capital structure. 

    Now, where do I find this? It can be found on a company’s income statement or consolidated financial statements, which usually include line items for specific interest expenses.

    Taxes in EBITDA

    Taxes are a significant aspect of any business’s financial performance and should be added back into EBITDA calculations. This includes income taxes imposed by the city/state/country and the federal governments. The amount of these taxes can vary due to different tax rules across jurisdictions; however, an important factor to consider here is, we need to add back only the income taxes; Generally, Payroll taxes aren’t part of EBITDA because they’re seen as regular business expenses, not taxes. Sales or excise tax should not be factored in when evaluating a company’s profitability since it is an expense that management teams cannot always control but may significantly affect overall profits.

    What is Amortization in EBITDA?

    Let’s start with the basics, Amortization is basically a process of spreading an intangible asset’s cost over its useful life. So, what are these Intangible assets that can be amortized? Here are a few examples – intellectual property (copyright, patents), goodwill, trademarks, franchise rights, and trade names. This process allows businesses to spread out tax deductions for the cost of an item, over time. 

    For example, if a business pays ₹30 million for a patent that has a 5-year estimated useful life or expiration date, then it would amortize this amount over five years at ₹6 million per year.

    What is Depreciation in Ebitda?

    Depreciation is the process of allocating the cost of a tangible asset over its useful life. It is similar to Amortization but applicable to tangible assets (physical items) that a business owns like buildings, furniture, vehicles, computers, equipment, inventory, and machinery. It is used to account for declines in value due to wear and tear or obsolescence. To make it more simpler, this means that instead of deducting the entire cost of an item from your taxes all at once when you purchase it (i.e., writing off its full cost), you spread out the deduction over several years in order to match up with how long you intend on using the item before replacing it.

    Now, in order to understand how to calculate Depreciation in Ebitda, Let’s take an example.  Let’s assume your business bought a machine for ₹100,000 and you are expecting it will last 10 years before needing replacement. In this case, we can calculate depreciation on the machine by dividing ₹100,000 by 10 (years) which equals ₹10,000 per year. So each year we would be able to deduct ₹10,000 in depreciation expense from our income statement. 

    Depreciation expense per year = ₹100,000/10 = ₹10,000

    What is EBIT in Ebitda?

    EBIT (Earnings Before Interest and Taxes) is calculated as revenues minus expenses, excluding tax expenses. EBIT does not include any noncash accounting adjustments like amortization or depreciation while EBITDA does add these back into earnings figures since they do not reflect actual cash outflow in running operations; however, both can be used by analysts to compare companies on similar metrics despite differences in capital structure or asset base composition across entities.

    There are 2 ways to calculate EBIT. 

    Approach 1 –

    EBIT = Net income + interest expenses + taxes

    Approach 2 –

    EBIT = Sales revenue – COGS – operating expenses (Where COGS is the Cost of Goods sold)

    What is EBITDA Margin and How to calculate it?

    EBITDA Margin is used to understand how efficiently a company can generate profits from its activities without having to consider extraordinary items or leverage strategies. This makes it an important performance measurement for investors looking to assess potential investments in companies with different capital structures. To calculate EBITDA margin you take the Earnings Before Interest Taxes Depreciation and Amortization (EBITDA), divide it by total revenue and then multiply by 100 to get your answer expressed in percentage terms.

    EBITDA Margin = (EBITDA / Total Revenue) * 100

    bitda Margin is used to understand how efficiently a company can generate profits from its activities without having to consider extraordinary items or leverage strategies. This makes it an important performance measurement for investors looking to assess potential investments in companies with different capital structures. To calculate Ebitda margin you take the Earnings Before Interest Taxes Depreciation and Amortization (EBITDA), divide it by total revenue and then multiply by 100 to get your answer expressed in percentage terms.

    What is Revenue in Ebitda Margin

    The total revenue in EBITDA Margin is the Revenue generated by a business. This revenue is calculated by taking the total number of goods sold and multiplying it by their prices

    Pros and Cons of EBITDA


    1. Accurate Picture: EBITDA gives an accurate representation of how much money the business has generated from operations without including non-operating factors like interest payments, depreciation, or amortization expenses which could distort the true value. This makes it useful in comparing companies within different sectors since they may have varying levels of debt or other financial liabilities that could influence their actual profits when calculated with traditional methods.

     2. Easy Comparison: Since most companies calculate and report their EBITDA figures in similar ways (using accepted accounting standards), investors can easily compare across organizations to gain insight into who’s performing better than others in terms of relative industry size/revenue status etc.. This helps them make informed decisions regarding their prospective investments or partnerships with certain businesses based on facts rather than speculation alone.

    3. Flexibility: When calculating certain ratios such as EV/EBITDA (enterprise value divided by earnings before interest taxes depreciation & amortization) where both sides must be expressed in monetary terms – having access to only one side’s numerical data isn’t enough information for an adequate calculation outcome; however utilizing available estimates related specifically towards either enterprise values OR net income enables discrepancies between each formulaic output (due mainly changes due to capital structure shifts). Thankfully though – utilizing EBTIDA allows us to leverage off estimated future cash flow projections accordingly thus providing greater flexibility when assessing potential investments accordingly!

    1 . Non-Operating Impact Ignored: Despite being able to provide accuracy regarding core operating costs – certain non-operational items such as asset impairments or write-downs aren’t included meaning if any specific asset was overvalued at purchase then whatever losses incurred through subsequent decrease(s) won’t show up in bottom line calculations related towards derived “net incomes” nor “Earnings Before Interest Taxes. Thus, Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) do not recognize EBITDA as an earnings metric, but it is among the most popular non-GAAP earnings metrics. Also, the EBITDA figures are not liked by some analysts because they can be used to portray a misleading picture of a company’s profitability.

    Frequently asked questions

    What is EBITDA?

    EBITDA stands forEarnings(E) Before(B) Interest(I), Taxes(T), Depreciation(D) and Amortization(A). It is a measure of a company’s financial performance that strips out certain non-cash items such as depreciation and amortization to allow investors to better compare the profitability between companies.

    What is the formula of EBITDA?

    There are 2 formulas to calculate EBITDA

    Formula 1 

    EBITDA = Net income + Interest Expense + Tax + Depreciation + Amortization

    Formula 2

    EBITDA = Operating Income + Depreciation & Amortization

    What is the EBITDA margin?

    Ebitda margin is a measure of profitability that calculates the ratio of earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA) to total revenue. It helps investors compare companies in different industries by normalizing their profits regardless of differences in accounting methods or taxation. The higher the Ebitda margin, the more profitable a company is considered to be relative to its peers.

    What is a good EBITDA margin?

    A reasonable EBITDA can vary significantly depending on the company or industry. Generally, an EBITDA of 10-20% is considered healthy. Technology, for instance, might have an EBITDA margin of 30% to 40%, while hospitality might have an EBITDA margin of 10% or 20%.

    Is EBITDA a GAAP metric?

    No, EBITDA (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization) is not a Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) metric. Companies use EBITDA as an alternative measure of profitability to exclude non-cash expenses from their income statements when gauging the company’s operating performance.

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